Proceeding with Trinder, et al’s 2013 study of British family courts and their approach to applications by non-resident parents (86% were fathers) for enforcement of contact orders. Transparently, it was the authors’ goal to find that courts were doing an acceptable job and that little or no changes need be made. That’s made all the clearer by the fact that the authors failed to notice the clear implications of their own findings.
Most notably, in the 205 cases studied, not one judge either ordered a change of custody or simply handed the child to the non-resident parent for a period of time to make up for the refusal by the resident parent to comply with the visitation order. The authors break down the judges’ orders into five categories, none of which includes those methods of enforcement.